GiornalePathology, research and practice
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to elucidate the diagnostic roles of PAX8 immunohistochemistry in various ovarian tumors.
METHODS: We searched through the PubMed database and selected the eligible studies to perform the meta-analysis. The PAX8 immunohistochemical expression rates of various ovarian tumors, including primary and metastatic carcinomas, were analyzed. In addition, the subgroup analysis based on tumor behaviors was performed.
RESULTS: The PAX8 expression rates were 0.056 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.008-0.307), 0.400 (95% CI 0.228-0.600), 0.741 (95% CI 0.578-0.857), and 0.738 (95% CI 0.666-0.799) in normal ovary and benign, borderline, and malignant ovarian tumors, respectively. The PAX8 expression rates of serous and transitional cell carcinomas were 0.937 (95% CI 0.882-0.967) and 0.918 (95% CI 0.841-0.959). In addition, the PAX8 expression rate of mucinous carcinomas was 0.393 (95% CI 0.285-0.512). However, metastatic carcinomas showed a significantly lower PAX8 expression rate than primary ovarian cancers (P < 0.001 in the meta-regression test). In cytologic specimens, PAX8 expression rates of serous and endometrioid carcinomas were 0.905 (95% CI 0.832-0.948) and 0.714 (95% CI 0.327-0.928), respectively.
CONCLUSION: PAX8 expression rate was significantly higher in serous ovarian tumors than in mucinous ovarian tumors. In addition, PAX8 expression rates were significantly higher in primary ovarian cancers than in metastatic carcinomas.
Epistemonikos ID: d3681be6e02c55ae8a229b5b60e7e4c89ad02edf
First added on: Sep 25, 2023