JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature for empirically supported treatments for bedtime refusal and night wakings in young children.
METHODS: An extensive review of the literature resulted in the inclusion of 41 studies that were evaluated according to the criteria established by the Task Force on Promotion and Dissemination of Psychological Procedures (1995).
RESULTS: Evidence exists indicating that extinction and parent education on the prevention of sleep problems can be considered well-established treatments. Furthermore, graduated extinction and scheduled awakenings are probably efficacious treatments, with positive routines a promising intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: A discussion of effectiveness, treatment feasibility, cost-effectiveness, and methodological limitations of the studies is provided. Recommendations for future directions for research in the treatment of these two common sleep disorders are presented.
Epistemonikos ID: 68bcf031e74cd0bfa2e219b1a10f6f2ac4881e61