Meta-analysis of the safety and factors contributing to complications of MS-TRAM, DIEP, and SIEA flaps for breast reconstruction.

Category Systematic review
JournalAesthetic plastic surgery
Year 2014
BACKGROUND: Muscle-sparing transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (MS-TRAM), deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP), and superficial inferior epigastric artery (SIEA) flaps have been increasingly adopted for breast reconstruction. However, their safety, patient satisfaction with them, and factors contributing to complications are not well understood. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library were searched to identify eligible studies for inclusion in our analysis. The complication rates of and patient satisfaction rates with the flaps were measured as the outcome, and factors contributing to complications and patient satisfaction were also studied. The data were extracted, and pooled relative risks (RRs) and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. RESULTS: Thirteen studies involving 1,843 patients met the inclusion criteria. The results of the meta-analysis showed that patients with MS-TRAM had a higher rate of abdominal hernias (RR 2.354, 95 % CI 1.154-4.802, P = 0.019) and a lower rate of fat necrosis (RR 0.502, 95 % CI 0.347-0.727, P = 0.000) than patients with DIEP. In addition, there was no significant difference between MS-TRAM and DIEP with respect to other complications (P > 0.05), between MS-TRAM and DIEP with respect to patient satisfaction (P = 0.923), and between DIEP and SIEA with respect to complication rates (P = 0.377). The complication rates of MS-TRAM, DIEP, and SIEA were 25.6, 27.9, and 26.7 %, respectively. Diabetes mellitus (P = 0.078) influenced the complication rate of MS-TRAM, and obesity (P = 0.086) and diabetes mellitus (P = 0.110) were the potential factors correlated with complications with DIEP flaps. CONCLUSION: There were no obvious differences in the overall incidence of complications between MS-TRAM and DIEP and between DIEP and SIEA. In addition, the patient satisfaction rates of MS-TRAM and DIEP were similar. However, MS-TRAM showed a higher rate of abdominal hernias and a lower rate of fat necrosis than DIEP. Obesity and diabetes mellitus were potential factors associated with the incidence of complications. Additional multicenter, large-sample-size, randomized controlled trials with long-term follow-up visits are necessary. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors .
Epistemonikos ID: e8e257e8abce10b3534334cc2ffb64b17c75368d
First added on: Jun 10, 2014